In the apparel manufacturing sector, CAD stands for computer-aided design. Nowadays, Computer-aided design or CAD software becomes one of the most essential tools for pattern making and related jobs in the clothing industry. It is used for pattern making, In the apparel manufacturing sector, CAD stands for computer-aided design. Nowadays, Computer-aided design or CAD software becomes one of the most essential tools for pattern making and related jobs in the clothing industry. It is used for pattern making, pattern grading, and the making of the marker. Computer-aided design or CAD software has so many advantages in apparel manufacturing. It brings a revolutionary change in today’s readymade apparel export business.
Before starting the garments production, the required amount of fabric has to store in the garments. All the next processes such as spreading, cutting, sewing, etc. have been done by taking the fabric from here. As result, this department plays an important role to get smooth production. As its importance, this article has presented a detailed discussion on the activities of the fabric store department in the readymade garments sector.
Fabric dispatched from supplier
Fabric checking by security guards
Send to the merchandiser for approval
Quality checking for defects
Fabric lot rejection
Kept in store
All the above activities have explained in the following
- Fabric dispatched from supplier: Here, the required amount of fabric dispatched from the definite fabric supplier.
- Fabric receiving: It is the second task of any fabric store department in the garment manufacturingindustry. Here, the store in-charge receives fabric from the fabric supplier by the following invoice.
- Fabric checking: Here, the fabric has checked by following a four-point system.
- Fabric checking by security guards: The number of fabrics should be confirmed here by security guards according to the invoice. If it’s found short then immediately should inform the garment merchandiser.
- Shade checking: It’s a very important task for the fabric store department. Fabric shade should be checked here by following different types of shade that are already approved by the buyer. Here, various fabric shades have been found which should be kept in lot wise.
- Fabric lot rejection: According to the grading of fabric such as A, B, C, D, etc., fabric lot has to reject here. This task is performed by Q.C (quality controller).
- Send to the merchandiser for approval: Here, the apparel merchandiserreceives all the information related to the supplied fabric from the fabric store department. If found any major defects or faultsthen the merchandiser discusses them with the suppliers and takes the necessary steps to solve those.
- Quality checking for defects: In this section, the qualitycontroller checks fabric quality according to the buyer’s quality recommendation.
- Kept in store: After completing all the above information, finally, fabrics are kept in store for support into the next processes such as cutting, sewing, etc.
What is Fabric Cutting?
In the view of modern garments business, it’s seen that quality is the first requirement of all the buyers around the world. In garments manufacturing, Cutting is an important process to make a quality product. Quality full fabric cutting reduces the wastage of fabric and makes the business profitable. To achieve quality full fabric cutting, a few methods have to maintain which are discussed in the following
Methods of Fabric Cutting:
In the garments industry, there are two available cutting methods, are-
- Manual Method,
- Computerized Method.
Here cutting process is done by using a knife, scissors, drill, etc. The knife is placed in the head of the cutting machine. The manual method is the most used cutting method in the garments industry.
- Round knife,
- Band Knife,
- Straight Knife,
- Easy process of cutting.
- Educated manpower is not required.
- The low-cost knife is enough here to cut the fabric.
- Low maintenance cost.
- Slow process.
- Not suitable for large scale production.
- Cutting speed cannot be controlled.
- The intensity of the accident is very high.
- Higher labor cost than computerized cutting method.
In the modern clothing manufacturing industry, the computerized cutting method becomes so much popular day by day due to its higher production and less time-consuming efficiency. Here all programs are loaded into the computer and the computer performs all the activities which are loaded.
- Straight knife cutting,
- Water jet cutting,
- Laser beam cutting,
- Plasma torch cutting.
- Very much effective cutting by a computer-controlled system.
- Very fast cutting operation.
- Suitable for large scale production.
- Cutting speed can be controlled.
- The intensity of the accident is very low.
- No need for any marker.
- Fabrics can be cut 7-8 times higher than the manual cutting method.
- Low labor cost.
- Higher maintenance cost.
- Skilled and educated manpower is required.
- So much expensive machine.
What is Sewing in Garment?
Sewing is an important department in the garments manufacturing industry. All the parts of a garment are joined here by making stitches with the help of a needle and thread. Where the sewing process flow chart helps to make a complete garment easily. By maintaining the sewing process flow chart, an order can be completed in a timely.
Process Flow Chart for Garments Sewing Department:
Set up a target for production
Set up machine layout based on target
Set up operator layout based on target
QC check of the product
Distribution of all the processes
Cutting parts received section
Cutting parts distribution to the operator and helper
Complete parts making individually
Online QC check
Online quality audit
Counting output and checking with the target
Final quality check (for each Garment)
Garments finishing is an important section in the readymade garments sector. It’s the last section of the garments manufacturing department. As with all the other sections of garments manufacturing, the garments finishing section has also followed a process flow chart.
Process Flow Chart of Garments Finishing:
Sewn garments received in finishing section
Initial quality check
Spot removing if there’s any spot
Ironing or pressing
Packaging or cartoning
Inspection can be defined as the visual examination of some standards. Quality inspection is an important issue in the garments manufacturing sector. Quality inspector ensures the right quality of a garment export order, whether this order is ready for shipping or not.
Flow Chart of Quality Inspection System in the Apparel Sector:
Quality inspection of garments or fabrics can be done by maintaining four systems. Those are in the below:
- 4 point system
- 10 point system
- Granville “78″ system.
- Dallas system.
But the 4 point system is most used in today’s ready-made garments sector.
Process flow chart of 4 point quality inspection system has given in the following:
Confirmation of garments quantity
Confirmation of trimmings and accessories
Garment’s in-side inspection
Garment’s out-side inspection